Microscope images - spore types

Follow these links for lichen micro photographs of the asci and spores and thallus and apothecia structure.
Please click on the images to see species details and larger photographs. N.B. Images are not to scale.

Simple,    Polarilocular,    1-Septate,    Multi-septate,    Submuriform,    Muriform

Simple spores
Acarospora smaragdula, ascospores Candelariella vitellina Candelariella vitellina Clauzadea monticola Cliostomum tenerum Degelia plumbea Ionaspis lacustris, ascospores Japewiella tavaresiana, spores Lecanora albella, micro photo, spores Lecanora campestris Lecanora cenisia, ascospores Lecanora chlarotera Lecanora dispersa Lecanora hagenii Lecanora persimilis Lecanora poliophaea, spore Lecidea lithophila, ascus and spores Lecidella asema Lecidella elaeochroma, spores Melanohalea exasperata, spores Pertusaria hymenea, ascospores Pertusaria leioplaca Pertusaria multipuncta, ascospores Pertusaria pertusa, ascospore Porpidia hydrophila, ascospores Porpidia macrocarpa Sarcogyne regularis, ascus Sarcogyne regularis, spores Tephromela atra var atra Verrucaria aethiobola Verrucaria halizoa Verrucaria internigrescens Q Verrucaria maura Verrucaria muralis Q Verrucaria praetermissa Q Verrucaria prominula Xanthoparmelia pulla, ascospores

Polarilocular spores
Caloplaca cerina, microscope photograph, ascus Caloplaca cerinella, ascospores Caloplaca citrina sens str Caloplaca ferruginea, spores Caloplaca flavocitrina, ascospore Xanthoria parietina, spores Xanthoria polycarpa, ascospores

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1-Septate spores
Acrocordia gemmata Amandinea punctata, spores Anisomeridium biforme Arthonia didyma, ascospore Arthonia muscigena Arthopyrenia analepta, ascospores Arthopyrenia cinereopruinosa Arthopyrenia punctiformis Arthopyrenia salicis, ascospores Buellia disciformis Buellia ocellata, ascospores Buellia stellulata, ascospore Catillaria chalybeia Catillaria lenticularis Catillaria nigroclavata, ascospore Catinaria atropurpurea, ascospores Cliostomum griffithii Dimerella lutea, ascus and spores Hyperphyscia adglutinata Lecania cyrtella Lecania erysibe, ascospores Lecania hutchinsiae Lecania rabenhorstii, ascospores Lecania sylvestris Lobaria virens, spore Megalaria grossa, spores Mycoporum antecellens, ascospores Physcia aipolia, spores Physconia distorta, spores Rinodina gennarii Rinodina olea Rinodina sophodes, ascospores Toninia sedifolia, microscope image

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Multi-septate spores
Anisomeridium polypori Arthonia cinnabarina Arthonia ilicina, ascospore Arthonia radiata, spore Arthopyrenia platypyrenia, ascospores Bacidia arceutina Bacidia caligans Bacidia inundata Bacidia laurocerasi, ascospores Bilimbia sabuletorum Collema crispum Collema multipartitum Collema tenax var vulgare, spores Enterographa crassa, spore Enterographa hutchinsiae Gomphillus calycioides, micro photo Graphis elegans, ascospore Graphis scripta, old spores, micro photo Lecania naegelii, immature asci Lobaria virens, spores Micarea peliocarpa Opegrapha atra Opegrapha calcarea, ascospores Opegrapha cesareensis, ascospores Opegrapha herbarum, spores Opegrapha viridis, ascus and spores Opegrapha vulgata Pachyphiale carneola, ascospores Peltigera hymenina, ascospores Phaeographis smithii, spores Porina aenea Porina borreri Porina chlorotica Pyrenula laevigata, spores Pyrenula macrospora, ascospore Toninia aromatica, microscope image

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Submuriform spores
Collema crispum Collema tenax var vulgare, spores Diplotomma pharcidium Graphina pauciloculata, spore

Muriform spores
Graphina anguina, spores Graphina ruiziana, spore Gyalecta truncigena, spore Leptogium pulvinatum, spore Rhizocarpon reductum, ascospores Thelotrema lepadinum, microscope image

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