Order: Teloschistales Family: Teloschistaceae
Species: Xanthoria candelaria
Photos: On urban trees. Macroom, Co. Cork, SW Ireland.
Identification confirmed by John Douglass
Thallus forms small compact, +/- erect clusters, lobes orange or yellow-orange, occasionally greyish-green, rhizines usually absent. Marginal finely-granular, blastidiate soralia extending to under surface. Orange apothecia occasional, apical, margins contorted.
Most frequently recorded from eastern side of Ireland. Occurs on nutrient-enriched tops of fence posts and gravestones, also found on bark, walls and rocks. K+ crimson / purple
Similar: Candelaria concolor K-
Xanthoria candelaria October 2009 and May 2010